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Letland / Latvija

Riga: Old town


Kaart ontvangen van Veronika

Riga is de hoofdstad van Letland. De stad heeft een rijke historie op het gebied van kunst en muziek. Veel huizen en gebouwen van de oude straten en aan gezellige pleintjes zijn geschilderd in allerlei kleuren.
De stad ligt aan de Oostzee bij de monding van de rivier Daugava en was in de Middeleeuwen al een belangrijke handelsstad tussen Oost en West.  Nu bouwt het vooral op toerisme.

Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia, a major industrial, commercial, cultural and financial centre of the Baltics, and an important seaport, situated on the mouth of the Daugava.
Riga's historical centre has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the city is particularly notable for its extensive Jugendstil (German Art Nouveau) architecture, which UNESCO considers to be unparalleled anywhere in the world.

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Twee postzegels op deze kaart:
De grote zegel met locomotief is uitgegeven op 5 augustus 2010 samen met nog een postzegel met een oude trein. Thema is de Geschiedenis van de Spoorwegen in Letland.
De andere zegel toont het stadswapen van Staicele, een ooievaar tegen een blauwe achtergrond.

Staicele town and its rural territory is situated in the north- east of Limbaži region and it borders on the Republic of Estonia.
The territory is rich in forests, swamps and water resources, variety of flora, nesting places of birds that are scarce in the world. In the length of 30 km the picturesque river Salaca crosses it.
In Europe and in the whole world extinction of different species of animals and birds can be observed. In some countries also stork is almost fully extinct (e.g. Belgium, Denmark, Holland).
Staicele is the farthest northern place where these magnificent birds nest in colonies. In Staicele town emblem a white stork is outlined against the background of the dark blue sky.



Riga Hoofdstad van Letland


Kaart ontvangen van Elvigs

Riga is de hoofstad van Letland. De kaart is een "multi-view" kaart van de stad met allerlei karakteristieke gebouwen, zoals presidentieel paleis, vrijheidsmonument, kunstacademie, operagebouw, en meer.
Ik heb de 2 plaatjes van links boven vergroot afgebeeld, omdat er een brug op staat. De meest linker brug (Vansu tilts) lijkt wel wat op de Erasmusbrug in Rotterdam.

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De stad ligt aan de rivier Dvina (in het Lets: Daugava) die via de Golf van Riga uitstroomt in de Oostzee.
Een deel van de oude binnenstad, met een aantal gebouwen in art-nouveau-stijl, staat op de Werelderfgoedlijst van UNESCO.

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Deze postzegel toont de Lynx (officieel Euroaziatische Lynx of los (Lynx lynx)), een katachtig roofdier. De lynx heeft karakteristieke bakkebaarden, gepluimde oren en een kort staartje. De vacht met zijn opmerkelijke vlekken past zich ietwat aan in zomer en winter. 'sWinters is de vacht lichter van kleur en dikker. De lynx is dan goed bestand tegen kou.
Een lynx leeft meestal solitair, behalve in de paartijd (januari-maart).

Meer over bruggen op Postkaarten op deze site: http://postcrossing.jouwweb.nl/bruggen


Riga: Alberta Street 13


Kaart ontvangen van Anita

Alberta iela (Albert Street) first appeared on the Riga scene in 1900, named after the historical founder of Riga, Bishop Albert. Shortly thereafter there began a building program which brought to life some of the grandest houses ever built in the German Art Nouveau, or Jugendstil, style of the day.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Riga had attained a status as a cultural and mercantile center on par with its rivals in Western Europe. These houses reflected not only Riga's vibrancy and ambition, but the force of its architectural personalities: Mihail Eisenstein (father of famous director Sergei Eisenstein), and others.
Many of the greatest examples of Jugendstil architecture fell in the wholesale destruction of Germany's cities in World War II. Latvia's treasures, still intact, now stood behind the Iron Curtain, to be forgotten in the West.
Alberta iela, too, was wiped from Riga's consciousness. In 1941, the Soviets renamed it Frica Gaila iela for a communist activist. The Soviet encyclopediae (Latvijas PSR Maza Enciklopedia and Encyclopedia Riga) claim Fricis was thrown out a fourth floor window of No.13 Alberta iela at the behest of Latvia's bourgeousie government in a staged "apparent suicide." As occupiers are wont to do, the Germans then renamed it Hollanderu iela, from 1942 to 1944. Frica Gaila iela made its comeback with the Soviet reoccupation, and so Alberta iela was lost in obscurity. In 1990, a year before independence, Alberta iela was restored—perhaps as a harbinger—or at least the first step in the hope that it could rekindle its glory days after half a century of neglect.
(source:
www.latvians.com)

De mooiste Jugendstilstraat in Riga is de Alberta straat. De straat werd tussen 1901 en 1908 ontworpen. De façades van de gebouwen tonen de meest uitbundige Jugendstil ornamenten.
De kaart toont het gebouw op no 13. Op de 5e verdieping bevindt zich de Ambassade van België.

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De linker postzegel is hierboven al beschreven.
De rechter zegel is uitgegeven op 21 februari 2009 en toont een afbeelding van de Letse kunstenares Lilija Dinere. Het thema van de voorstelling is "Letse sprookjes".
Lilija Dinere is geboren in Riga. Zij voltooide de Letse Kunstacademie in 1980 als schilderes en decorontwerpster.
Zij werkte met een grote variëteit aan technieken: grafiek, waterverf, olieverf, acrylverf en diverse combinaties daarvan. Tevens illustreerde zij meer dan 50 boeken.


 


 

Riga: House of Blackheads 1925


Kaart ontvangen van Linda

The postcard shows the "House of Blackheads" in 1925. The building was erected for the "Brotherhood of Blackheads", a guild for unmarried German merchants in Riga.
Originally built in 1344, this resurrected ghost is another reminder of Riga's still-healing historical scars. Ironically located in the Town Hall Square by the Museum of Occupations, the original House of Blackheads (Melngalvju nams) was destroyed during the war in 1941 and buried by the Soviets in 1948.
It was rebuilt in 2001 with careful attention to its original structure and exterior ornamentation to commemorate the city's 800th anniversary.
Originally owned by a merchant guild, in its current reincarnation the House of Blackheads serves as a museum and sometimes concert hall.

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The stamp has been issued september 8th, 2007 according to the design of Yu Utans and was printed on chalky paper with offset printing. Sales was in miniature sheets consisting of 6 stamps with postal rate of 0,45 Lats each.


 

Riga: "The Three Brothers"


Kaart ontvangen van Aleksandra

The so-called "Three Brothers" (Tris Brali), on Maza Pils ("small castle street)  numbers 17, 19, and 21, are the oldest stone houses still standing in Riga, and an excellent example of medieval architecture. Built between the 15th century (White Brother) and the middle of the 18th century (Yellow Brother), the tiny houses really make you wonder if people were shorter back then. As an added bonus, the Latvian Museum of Architecture is housed in the White Brother, number 19.
The houses are based on Dutch architecture. The three brothers were reconstructed in 1955-1957 when the court yards were united.
Interesting is the size of the windows. These are generally small, because at the old time tax had to be paid for light coming out of windows.
 

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These two stamps have already been described in other contributions. See above.


 

Riga: Statue of Roland and St.Peter's Church at City Hall Square


Kaart ontvangen van Sanita

Statue of Roland is located at Ratslaukums (the Town Hall Square), in the heart of Vecriga (Riga Old Town). It is a replica of the original 6.3m-high statue of this mythical knight, who was a symbolic figure of freedom and justice in the Hanseatic League.
The original Roland's statue is kept inside Peterbaznica (Saint Peter's Church) to avoid deterioration.
It is interesting to learn that the pointed end of Rolands' sword was the point from which different distances in Riga and Latvia were counted.
The historic center of Riga was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1997.

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Both stamps on this postcard have been desribed in other contributions on this page; see above.