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Ukraina - Kiev

Kiev, Capital of Ukraïna

Everyday a member of the Postcrossing Community receives a postcard from an unknown person from anywhere on this world he or she is happy. That is also the case with me.
One of these days I got mail from Ukraïna: it was not a single postcard but even 4 in an envelop! My mailbox was also very happy.
Mikhail from Kiev sent me this package of cards that I have reproduced herunder:

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Kiev is the Capital and the largest city of Ukraïna. It is located on both sides of the Dnieper River which flows to the Black Sea.
Ukraïna in Eastern Europe is an important industrial, educational and cultural centre. This country was a part of the Sovjet-Union but in 1991 the Ukrainian independance followed.
Kiev has a lot of historical architecture and some of these are highlighted on the shown postcards:

Upper left corner: St.Mikhail's Cathedral of the Golden Domes Monastory (reconstructed after 1998).

Upper right corner: some multi-view elements of the city (a.o. part of the Independence square, National Opera House) and Coat of Arms of Kiev.

Left side bottom part: St.Sophia Cathedral

Right side bottom part: in front the Great Lavra Bell tower (1731-1744), in the back Dormition Cathedral (reconstructed in 2000) and the Refectory Chamber with church (1893-1895).

Thank you Mikhail !


Kiev:  multiview card


Kaart ontvangen van Ksen'ka

The multi-view card shows the Independance Square on the left, the National Opera House on upper right corner, the monument of St.Volodymyr in the low right corner and the Coat of Arms of the city in the center.
The National Opera House  was erected in 1901 in French Renaissance style. The statue of Prince Volodymyr is located 70 meters above the Dnepr river in the Hill park.
Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnosti) is the city's main square and one of the most popular places for meetings.
On weekends the traffic is blocked and visitors can enjoy a pleasant walk down the middle of the street.
Ukraine's independence movement, from Moscow, began in this square when hundreds of university students went on a hunger strike in 1989, which led to the demise of the Communist Party in Ukraine.
At that time stood a huge red marble statue of Lenin. When the statue was torn down, many of Kiev's citizens took part in its demolition.
Now the best notable decoration of the central square is the Independency Column topped with a statue of Archangel Mikhail, who is considered to be the saint patron of Kiev.

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The 6 small stamps show Ukrainian national items of work and creativity (emission of 2010).

The large stamp (emission of 2006, Michel block-55) depicts a copperplate (engraving) of the city of Lviv in 1586.
This city is called Lwow in Polish, Leopol in latinized Polish, Löwenburg or Lemberg in German, Lwihohrod in Ruthenian.
It was founded in 1256 by the Ruthenian King Daniel for his son Leo, Prince of Halicz, and took its name from that prince. Destroyed by the Tatars in 1261, it was rebuilt in 1270 on the same spot by Prince Leo.
In 1340 Casimir the Great, King of Poland, took possession of it, built two new castles, attracted German colonists to it, and gave it a charter modelled on that of Magdeburg.
In 1372 Louis of Hungary entrusted the administration of the city to Wladislaw, Prince of Oppeln; in 1387 it was given as dowry to the Princess Hedwig, by whose marriage with Jagellon it became a possession of the Polish Crown.
Lemberg was thenceforward the recognized capital of the Russian territories dependent on Poland (i. e. Red Russia), which preserved their autonomy undiminished until 1433.
The city was one of the great entrepôts of European commerce with the East, which, after the taking of Constantinople by the Turks, followed for the most part the overland route.
Now, the city is part of Ukraina.
(info from Internet)


 

Kiev: Independence Square


Kaart ontvangen van Luba

 
The Independence Square, or Maidan Nezalezhnosti, is the central square in Kiev, the main and the most beautiful one. Parades, concerts, festivals and other city arrangements and holidays take place on this square. It contains six fountains, Independence Column and artificial waterfall.
The Independence Square has much to offer: the huge building with the tower and chimes, the Trade Union Association Office and other attractions.
A great amount of shops, hotels and cafes are situated on the Independence square. Two metro stations, Kreschatik and Maidan Nezalezhnosti, are also situated nearby.  
One of the best notable decorations of the central square is the Independency Column topped with a statue of Archangel Mikhail, who is considered to be the saint patron of Kiev. In front of the column, at the end of the square there is an arch decorated with the statue of Archangel with sword and shield.
Another attraction of the square is 5,000-sprays fountain called Friendship of Nations designed by architect Komarovsky.
The site of Independence Square used to be the border of Kiev fortified with defense ramparts. Archeologists also found old parts of a water mill there.
The first large stone building was constructed on the place in the middle of the 19th century: it was designed by architect Beretti and housed the Province Noblemen' Assembly.
In the 20th century the square got its modern look.
(source of information: www.kiev.info)
 

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De postzegeltjes zijn uit een langlopende (permanente) serie met afbeeldingen van lokale nijverheid. Hier afbeeldingen uit 2009 en 2010 met vasen en spinnewiel.

 


 

Kiev: Kreshchaty Park with Friendship Monument


Kaart ontvangen van Marina
Vriendschap Monument ter herdenking van de hereniging van Ukraïne en Rusland (1922).
Het park stamt uit het begin van de 20e eeuw,
De boog is geplaatst in 1982.

The People’s Friendship Arch dedicated to the unification of Russia and Ukraine, was constructed in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
The Friendship Arch was constructed in 1982 by sculptor A. Skoblikov and architect I. Ivanov and others. It is a huge, 30 m in diameter, rainbow-shaped arch, made of titanium.
Underneath the Friendship Arch there are two statues: one (the dark one in the middle of a pond) which is made of bronze and depicts a Russian and a Ukrainian worker holding up the Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples and the other (light color next to the pond) is made from granite and depicts the participants (Cossacks) of the Pereyaslav Council of 1654.
Behind the monument there is a viewing deck where most of the east bank of the Dnepr river can be viewed.

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De drie postzegels zijn uit 2009. Een klein permanent zegeltje met een typische Ukraïnse vaas. De twee driehoekige zegels zijn uitgegeven op 23 december 2009 in de vorm van een velletje met 6 exemplaren met afbeeldingen van mineralen die in Ukraïne worden gevonden: Kwarts, Zwavel, Topaas, Berylium, Tijgeroog en Kertschenite:

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De zegels van de mineralen zijn gedrukt in offset, met wat reliëf en bedekt met een dunne film die zorgt voor een enigszins holografisch effect.

 Thank you Marina !


 


 

Kiev: The Assumption Cathedral


Kaart ontvangen van Ann

Cathedral of the Assumption of Kiev city was begun in 1073 and completed in 1078. Work on the mosaic and fresco decoration of Kiev Cathedral of the Assumption continued until 1089. The Cathedral of the Assumption was destroyed in 1941 during the German occupation.
Cathedral of the Assumption remains and the results of archaeological investigation make it possible (in 1998-2000) to establish the building's original appearance with a considerable degree of confidence. Cathedral of the Assumption was an aisled, three-apsed six-piered church, with a single cupola. At the western end was a narthex with a gallery over it. Kiev Ukraine Cathedral of the Assumption location - Ukraine, Kiev, Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra.

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On April 30, 2010, Ukrainian post issued a set of postage stamp featuring books (fairy tales) “Head mare” and “Golden Slipper”, in the series of EUROPA 2010, Books for Children.
The small stamp shows a typical Ukrainian vase, series emission over a couple of years.

Another postcrosser send me a postcard with Assumption Cathedral as seen from another angle:

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Kaart ontvangen van Lena

 



Kiev:  Mariinskyi Palace


Kaart ontvangen van Anna

Situated in the government centre of Kiev, Mariinsky, (Tsar's) Palace was built in 1752 at the request of Empress Elizabeth, it was originally used for ceremonial and festive occasions.
The palace has two storeys and large wings which form a large yard. The palace ensemble included gardens, greenhouses and a confectionary.  Many extravagant balls were held in the palace when nobles came to visit.
Damaged by fire in the early nineteenth century, it was restored between 1868 and 1870.
Now it is a place for solemn receptions of the Heads of States.

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Op deze kaart 2 postzegels uit een serie van 12 met als onderwerp Dierenriem (Zodiac). Hier afgebeeld ram en leeuw.
De 2 kleinere postzegels zijn uit 2010 en behoren bij een permanente serie van lokale nijverheid, in dit geval van vazen.


 

Kiev:  St Volodymyr's Cathedral


Kaart ontvangen van Irina

St Volodymyr's Cathedral  is a cathedral in the centre of Kiev. It is one of the city's major landmarks and the mother cathedral of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy, one of two major Ukrainian Orthodox Churches.
The construction and interior deco took more than 30 years (1862-1896) to complete. This seven dome three-aisled church resembles the buildings of old Ukraine only slightly. Its walls are drenched with ornamental detail. The interior is a reflection of the Prince Vladimir period. The main facade is decorated with a double door made of oxidized bronze with enamel, carving and openwork tracery. On the sides of the door are figures of Princess Olga and Prince Vladimir made of embossed bronze and portrayed against a blue enamel background.

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The two blue stamps present pictures of sculptures which can (probably) be ascribed to the 18th century Ukrainian artist Johann Pinzel.
The left stamp depicts an "Angel", the right stamp "Mother of God". These stamps were released in Ukraina in 2010.
The small brown stamp has been taken from a leaflet commemorating the 90th anniversary of the Postage Stamps of Ukrainian People's Republic.
The "big" stamp on the left is also from that same leaflet, but has no franking value. There were 2 leaflets on this emission which are shown here too:

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